The McMaster Museum of Art

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    BRAYER, Yves
    Date: French, 1907 - 1990
    Remarks: Official Website:
    As with other fellow painters of the inter-war years, Yves Brayer devoted a large part of his work to making a record of the then everyday life. While recognizing the pictorial tendencies of late 19th century and early 20th painting, some painters preferred follow the path led by Vuillard and Bonnard, as did the "Réalité Poétique" group, or the path of admirers of Courbet's work, such as the "Forces Nouvelles" movement. Although Brayer was always independent, he was on friendly terms with such painters such as Francis Gruber, founder of "Nouveau Réalisme", the New French Realism of the 50s made famous by Bernard Buffet.

    Yves Brayer was born in Versailles in 1907, but spent most of his childhood in Bourges. Upon his arrival in Paris in 1924, he set out immediately for the academies in Montparnasse and, from there, for the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. There, his artistic personality reveals itself at an early stage, encouraged by masters such as Jean-Louis Forain.

    While he is still a student, his works are displayed at the "Salon d'Automne" and the "Salon des Indépendant". In 1927, Yves Brayer is awarded a state grant and he leaves for Spain where his encounters with masters from the Prado museum will prove to have a crucial influence on his own production.

    After a stay in Morocco supported by a prize created by Maréchal Lyautey, he is awarded the Grand Prix de Rome in 1930. At first nostalgic of Spain, Yves Brayer is then deeply engaged by the richness of Italian life in the early 1930s.

    Back in Paris in 1934, he assembles his work for an exhibition at the Galerie Charpentier, faubourg Saint-Honoré, where the public audience discovers the authenticity, the powerful and the original character, of this 27-year-old painter.

    Brayer is now settled in Paris, first in the Panthéon neighborhood; then, in 1935, he moves to rue Monsieur le Prince in the 6th arrondissement. Through different periods, he continues to paint in Paris, as he had during his student days. In 1940 Brayer settled in Cordes sur Ciel in the department of Tarn. There, in 1960, a museum dedicated to his work would be opened in the most elegant room of the Town Hall. When he returned to Paris in 1942, Jacques Rouché appointed Brayer costume-and-set designer for a ballet at the Opera de Paris. Brayer remained in occupied Paris throughout the war, painting the snowy city and, at last the liberated capital.

    The year 1945 marks a turning point in his career. In Provence, he is truck by the architectural harmony of the country side, harmony created not by human hand but by nature pure and wild. He his enchanted by the diverse forms and limestone folds of the Alpilles, and by the vast expanse of Camargue filled with white horses and black bulls. Soon, he decides to spend several months in Provence every year.

    After his Spanish period, which favors black or dark colors, and then the Italian period ochers and terra cotta reds, he diversifies his palette with greens, pale yellow ans several shades of blue. Strongly attracted to Mediterranean landscapes, Brayer returns to work in Spain and Italy, but Provence and Camargue remain his favorite places until the end of his life.

    During his various trip to Mexico, Egypt, Iran, Greece, Russia, the United States and Japan, he is quick to seize the rhythms and lights of these countries, which he renders in numerous drawings and watercolors.

    His taste for drawing leads him quite naturally to practice the techniques of copperplates engraving and lithography. Thus he produces quantity of prints and illustrations for limited editions of books by Blaise Cendrars, Henry de Montherlant, Baudelaire, Paul Claudel, Jean Giono, Frédéric Mistral, and others.

    Yves Brayer also creates mural and wall ornamentations, tapestry cartoons, maquettes, settings and costumes for the Théâtre-Français, the Operas of Paris, Amsterdam, Nice, Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux or Avignon.

    Exhibitions of his work bring him fame in several countries : first in Paris, then throughout France, and later Europe and the United States. The Bibliothèque Nationale celebrates his 70th birthday in 1977 with "Yves Brayer, Graveur", and the Postal Museum honors his work with an exhibition on the occasion of the stamp dedicated to Brayer in 1978. And in September 1991, the MUSEE YVES BRAYER is inaugurated in les Baux de Provence.

    Yves Brayer's work is represented in various museums and numerous collections both in France and abroad. His many titles and responsibilities include the following: Professor, for 50 years at the Grande Chaumière Academy; the Presidency of the Salon d'Automne for five years; Fellow of the Académie des Beaux-Arts; and, for more than eleven years, Curator of the Musée Marmottan in Paris.

    Source: Yves Brayer Official Site